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  • Achondroplasia (Short Stature Conditions)

    More than 100 specific conditions have been identified that can cause short stature. Achondroplasia occurs in people of all races and with equal frequency in males and females, and it affects about 1 in every 26,000 children. An estimated 10,000 individuals in the United States have achondroplasia.

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  • Allergic Skin Conditions

    Estimates are that up to 20% of infants and young children may be affected by eczema at some point. There is no good data about how frequently hives and contact dermatitis occur.

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  • Allergies: An Overview

    Allergies are very common. In a national study of children with special health care needs, 53% had allergies of some type.

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  • Altered Immunity: An Overview

    No one knows for sure how many children have suppressed immune systems. It is becoming more common as more children receive transplants and survive serious problems with their immune systems like HIV. Some children have temporary alterations in their immune system from medications and the immune system

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  • Anaphylaxis

    The key adaptation to avoiding anaphylaxis is to try to avoid the allergen. This may mean

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  • Asthma

    Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in children, affecting between 5% and 10%.

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  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

    Behavior management skills that can be included in a Care Plan include

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  • Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities caused by a problem with the brain. Children with ASDs have trouble in 3 core areas of their development.

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  • Bleeding Disorders: An Overview

    Bleeding disorders vary in types and severity, so it is best to get details about the specific child’s needs from parents/ guardians and the child’s specialty doctors.

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  • Cancer

    Ask the child’s oncologist for suggested training resources.

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  • Celiac Disease (Gluten-Sensitive Enteropathy)

    The treatment team includes a pediatric gastroenterologist and registered dietitians or nutritionists.

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  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cerebral palsy (CP) is a condition caused by brain injury that interferes with messages from the brain to the body; this interference affects movements and muscle coordination.

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  • Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

    Develop strategies for accommodating children with cleft lip or cleft palate. Suggestions include

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  • Cystic Fibrosis

    There are currently about 30,000 children and young adults with CF in the United States.

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  • Diabetes

    Physical activity is important to the health of children with type 2 diabetes, so outdoor play is part of their therapy. Children with type 1 diabetes should be able to play normally. Staff should take a portable pack with insulin, syringes, high-calorie supplements, and glucagon in case of emergency

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  • Down Syndrome

    Down syndrome is a relatively common birth defect caused by extra genetic material from chromosome 21 (ie, there are 3 copies of chromosome 21 rather than 2). This syndrome affects the physical and intellectual development of the child.

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  • Fluoride Varnish Can Help Prevent Tooth Decay

    Healthy gums and teeth are important to your child’s overall health. This is why your child’s doctor will talk with you about good dental habits even before your child’s first tooth appears.

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  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

    Babies with GERD can choke; a bulb syringe should be available to help clear the airway if necessary. If the baby is coughing, nothing should be done because the cough is the most effective way to clear the airway. If the baby stops breathing or making any sound, CPR techniques for infants should be

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  • Gastrostomy Tubes

    Gastrostomy tubes are placed in children for many reasons, including prematurity, feeding problems, and brain disorders, and they have become more prevalent as lifesaving medical treatments for children have improved.

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  • Hearing Loss and Deafness

    The Care Plan for children with hearing loss may include

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  • Heart Conditions, Functional

    Approximately 4,000 children are diagnosed with Kawasaki disease every year and most are younger than 5 years.

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  • Heart Conditions: An Overview
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  • Heart Defects, Structural

    Thirty-five thousand babies are born every year in the United States with these problems, according to the American Heart Association.

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  • Hepatitis

    Hepatitis means liver inflammation. Most of the time, hepatitis is caused by a viral infection of the liver. The most common types are hepatitis A, B, and C.

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  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
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  • Hydrocephalus and Shunts

    Hydrocephalus is the abnormal accumulation of spinal fluid, called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), within the brain. Hydrocephalus can be caused by a structural defect in the brain or spine that blocks CSF and causes it to accumulate. Sometimes a brain injury, especially one that causes bleeding, can interfere

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  • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    The treatment team may consist of the primary care provider and a hematologist.

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  • Kidney/Urinary Problems

    Nephrotic syndrome can occur at any age but is most common between the ages of 18 months and 8 years. Boys are affected more often than girls. A child may come to the child care or school with the diagnosis or may develop it while enrolled.

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  • Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Childhood Obesity

    Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents. It occurs when a child is well above the normal weight for the child’s age and height.

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  • Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Developmental Delay

    Children have developmental delay when they do not attain the skills that typically developing children acquire at a certain age. Child development is a process that involves learning and mastering skills such as sitting, rolling over, walking, understanding, and talking. Typically developing children

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  • Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Eczema(Atopic Dermatitis)

    Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a collection of inherited conditions that cause the tissues that connect parts of the body (connective tissue) to be loose. This can cause loose joints, stretchy skin, and delayed healing of the skin. This collection of conditions was reclassified in 2017, so it is important

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  • Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Food Allergies

    Allergy is the term used to describe the body’s overreaction to something that it views as foreign or different from itself. The body reacts by releasing histamine and other substances that cause allergic symptoms.

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  • Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Fragile X Syndrome

    Fragile X syndrome is an inherited form of intellectual disability that is primarily seen in males. It is the most common form of inherited intellectual disability. Fragile X syndrome is caused by the FMR1 gene on the X chromosome.

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  • Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Hip Problems

    What are hip problems in children and how common are they?

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  • Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

    Arthritis is swelling and pain of the joints. When this problem is chronic, the most common form is juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).

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